What Is Colonoscopy Procedure?
Colonoscopy Procedure is an internal examination of the colon and rectum. A Gastro surgeon performs the process with an apparatus called colonoscope … a long, flexible tube with a half inches in diameter with a camera attached to the front. Doctors use it for evaluation of the symptoms; for example, change in bowel movements, rectal bleeding, and persistent abdominal pain. It also helps for screening asymptomatic individuals who are at risk for colon cancer. The process can detect inflammatory tissue, ulcers, and abnormal growths in the walls of the colon.
5 Critical Factors For Colonoscopy Procedure.
Preparing For Colonoscopy.
For successful visualization of the colon and rectum, it must be clean and free of accumulated feces. It is, therefore, critical that you follow the instructions given by your doctor to prepare your gut. Without proper preparation, colonoscopy may not be successful, and it may require repeating the entire process again. So we need to change the food habit. I have discussed on Diet before colonoscopy in my other post which is necessary for proper colon prep.
How is it Performed?
You will have a pain reliever before the proceedings so that you can feel relaxed and comfortable during the procedure. Some doctors also use anesthetics to reduce pain sensation. You may feel sleepy during the process or be unable to remember what happened during that time. You will lie on your side knees drawn up to your chest, and the doctor inserts the lubricated colonoscope into your rectum. He will then push it gently leading it through the rectum and into the colon. A small amount of air will be pumped in to expand the colon for proper visualization of the inner walls.
Your doctor removes the abnormal growths in the inner wall of the colon, called polyps. Then he sends it to a pathological laboratory to test for signs of cancer. Polyps are common and usually soft, but most colorectal cancers begin as hard polyps. So it is always a good idea to test hard polyps.
You may require a Biopsy (examination of internal tissue) for the abnormal tissues found in the walls of the colon. Sometimes this causes bleeding during removal of polyps, which can be stopped employing accelerated electrons (electric probe).
The whole process takes approximately 30 minutes to an hour.
Can I Go Home Immediately After Procedure?
You may require staying at the clinic for 1-2 hours after the process to allow the effect of the sedatives to reduce. Bloating, Cramps and passing wind (gas) are common after a colonoscopy because the air drawn in during the proceedings. It is advised to wait for some time before you can leave the clinic.
When Can I have Regular Diet?
You should wait for some days before you can switch to your regular food habit. Check my post on what to eat after colonoscopy to ensure faster recovery. You will need to continue with light & easy to digest foods and liquids until you recover completely. Click here to learn more about post colonoscopy diet.
Possible Adverse Reactions: Risks.
You should consult your doctor immediately if you have any of the following rare side effects for more than three days:
- High Fever.
- Loose Motion.
- Severe Abdominal Pain.
- Pain during Urination.
- Blood in the Stool.
You may need to go through further treatment to recover from these symptoms.
These are the few things you must keep in mind while opting for Colonoscopy Procedure to stay safe during the process. Please leave your comment for any query or improvement.